Where Are Transistors Used?

Where are transistors used in everyday life?

Transistors are used in our day to day lives in many forms which we are aware of as amplifiers and switching apparatus.

As amplifiers, they are being used in various oscillators, modulators, detectors and nearly in any circuit in order to perform a function.

In a digital circuit, transistors are used as switches..

What devices use transistors?

By far the most common application of transistors today is for computer memory chips—including solid-state multimedia storage devices for electronic games, cameras, and MP3 players—and microprocessors, where millions of components are embedded in a single integrated circuit.

What is an example of a transistor?

The definition of a transistor is an electronic device that works by controlling the flow of the electrical current. An example of a transistor is something combined in large numbers with microcircuits into a single circuit board and used in a computer.

Which is better PNP or NPN?

A NPN transistor has electrons as majority charge carriers whereas the PNP transistor has holes as majority charge carrier. The mobility of electrons is better than mobility of holes. … mobility of electrons is more than hole,so as a result npn transistor are faster than pnp that’s why they are preferred..

When would you use a transistor?

One of the most common uses for transistors in an electronic circuit is as simple switches. In short, a transistor conducts current across the collector-emitter path only when a voltage is applied to the base. When no base voltage is present, the switch is off. When base voltage is present, the switch is on.

Where are PNP transistors used?

ApplicationsPNP transistors are used to source current, i.e. current flows out of the collector.PNP transistors are used as switches.These are used in the amplifying circuits.PNP transistors are used when we need to turnoff something by push a button. … Used in Darlington pair circuits.More items…•

What are the two main types of transistors?

Types of transistorThere are two types of standard (bipolar junction) transistors, NPN and PNP, with different circuit symbols as shown. … The leads are labelled base (B), collector (C) and emitter (E). … In addition to bipolar junction transistors, there are field-effect transistors which are usually referred to as FETs.More items…

How do transistors work?

A transistor works when the electrons and the holes start moving across the two junctions between the n-type and p-type silicon. … By turning a small input current into a large output current, the transistor acts like an amplifier. But it also acts like a switch at the same time.

What is a transistor symbol?

Transistor Symbols The symbol of NPN and PNP is shown in the figure below. The arrow in the symbol indicates the direction of flow of conventional current in the emitter with forward biasing applied to the emitter-base junction.

How are transistors classified?

Transistors are basically classified into two types; they are Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJT) and Field Effect Transistors (FET). The BJTs are again classified into NPN and PNP transistors.

What is transistor diagram?

Transistor currents The diagram shows the two current paths through a transistor. The small base current controls the larger collector current. When the switch is closed a small current flows into the base (B) of the transistor.

What are the two main applications of transistors?

Transistors are commonly used in digital circuits as electronic switches which can be either in an “on” or “off” state, both for high-power applications such as switched-mode power supplies and for low-power applications such as logic gates.

How are transistors named?

Its format for transistors is two letters followed by a serial number. The first letter represents the material. For instance, A means germanium and B means silicon. The second letter refers to transistor type.

Where can I find a transistor in my house?

Any computer, TV, radio, cell phone, or modern appliance will have transistors. An older toaster or blender might not, but if you’ve got an LED or LCD clock on a stove or coffee maker, it has transistors. Smoke alarms will have them, as well as your car.

Can I use NPN instead of PNP?

Generally, the PNP transistor can replace NPN transistors in most electronic circuits, the only difference is the polarities of the voltages, and the directions of the current flow. PNP transistors can also be used as switching devices and an example of a PNP transistor switch is shown below.